Know the Causes of Gum Illness to Best Prevent Them

Gum illness or periodontal disease is the infection and damage of the tissues and bones that support the teeth. It affects about 30 percent of the adult population

There are a number of reasons for gum diseases but the primary cause is bacterial plaque. Plaque is a soft bacteria-laden compound that layers the teeth and stays with the gums.

Plaque that stays in the teeth solidifies overtime and ends up being tartar. When this happens, you will not have the ability to eliminate it through regular brushing and you would need to have it eliminated by your dental practitioner

Neglect of oral hygiene results in the build-up of plaque and tartar, which are major reasons for gum diseases.

The construct of bacteria in plaque and tartar attacks and contaminates the gums, causing it to become inflamed and irritated. Persons with extreme gum illness might eventually loose their teeth.

The risk factors and other causes of gum illness consist of:

Smoking cigarettes

Smoking cigarettes deteriorates the immune system and, for that reason, considerably reduces the body’s ability to fight infection, consisting of bacterial infection of the gums.

This puts smokers at a much greater threat of establishing gum diseases than non-smokers. Cigarette smoking likewise forms tartar and deep pockets around the tooth where germs gather.

It damages mouth tissue and the bones that support teeth.


Persons under fantastic stress who do not have the capability to handle pressure tend to overlook their health, including dental care. Stress also affects the immune system, damaging an individual’s defense versus infection.


There are cases when even individuals with terrific oral routines obtain some kind of gum disease for the easy reason that it is in their genes. The very best aid for individuals who are genetically susceptible to gum illness is early detection through gene testing.


There are certain periods in life such as during the age of puberty when the body experiences surges of hormonal agents. In ladies, for example, hormonal agent level modifications during monthly durations and much more so during pregnancy and menopause.

Throughout these times, changes in hormonal agents impact the makeup of saliva and germs in the mouth, increasing the risk of gum disease.

Some Drugs

There are specific drugs that can be causes of gum diseases or may even more its advancement. Some of these drugs are high blood pressure medicines that obstruct calcium channels, birth control pills, steroids and anti-seizure medications that over-stimulate the growth of gum tissue.

Long-term use of some antibiotics can cause bacteria to become unsusceptible to it. Contact your dentist to find out how a medication can affect your dental health.

Other reasons for gum diseases are inadequate consumption of nutrients essential to oral health, excessive consumption of sugar and alcohol, and other illness that target the immune system.

Finding out about the causes of gum diseases will better equip you on how to prevent it.

You will discover that keeping oral care in your home and with your dental expert in addition to taking care of your body immune system are the keys to excellent oral health.


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